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After winning a league and Cup double with Barcelona, the five-time World Player of the Year and his father are due to confront in court the accusations that have dogged him since June 2013.
The trial will run until June 2 – the day when Messi is due to testify along with his father.
Messi and his father, Jorge Horacio Messi, are accused of using a chain of fake companies in Belize and Uruguay to avoid paying taxes on 4.16 million euros ($4.7 million) of Messi’s income earned through the sale of his image rights from 2007-09.
They have been charged with three counts of tax fraud.
Spanish prosecutors are seeking a jail sentence of 22-and-a-half months for Messi and his father if they are found guilty, plus fines equivalent to the amount that was allegedly defrauded.
But any such sentence would likely be suspended as it is common in Spain for first offences carrying a sentence of less than two years.
Under Spanish law, a defendant is not obliged to attend the full trial if prosecutors seek a jail sentence of less than two years, which means Messi may only show up on June 2 for his testimony.
The football star and his defence team have argued that the player’s father handled his finances without reporting to him, and that the striker was not aware of any wrongdoing.
In comments Messi made in September 2013 statement to a judge, the footballer said he never looks at the contracts he signs, according to extracts of the statement published by Spain’s El Periodico daily Monday.
“This is something that my dad manages. And I trust him. I devote myself to playing football,” he allegedly said.”I do what he tells me to.
“I signed things, but I never look at the contracts. I don’t know what I sign.”
Named in ‘Panama Papers’
State prosecutors initially asked that the case against Messi be dropped, arguing the player only followed the instructions of his father who he “trusted fully and blindly”.
But the judge in charge of the case in October 2015 rejected the request, arguing in his ruling that “there are rational signs that the criminality was committed by both accused parties”.
The income related to Messi’s image rights that was allegedly hidden includes endorsement deals with Banco Sabadell, Danone, Adidas, Pepsi-Cola, Procter & Gamble and the Kuwait Food Company.
Questions over the player’s finances increased after Messi and his father were among those named in April in reports by international media who received a vast trove of data and documents leaked from a law firm based in Panama.
The two men opened a company in Panama in June 2013, just after the allegations of tax fraud broke, to continue to hide income earned from image rights from Spanish tax authorities, Spanish news site El Espanol reported.
The Messi family acknowledged the existence of the company but they said it was “totally inactive” and never had any funds.
The scandal appears not to have dented the popularity of the footballer whom Forbes magazine says was the world’s fourth highest paid athlete last year with earnings of $74 million.
Both Barcelona and the Argentine Football Association have supported the player, who is loudly cheered whenever he appears on the pitch at the Spanish club’s Camp Nou stadium.
Barcelona managers have even insinuated that there is a conspiracy to tar the image of their star player, who has been key to the club’s success on the pitch in recent years.
Messi’s court appearance will come just days before he joins his Argentina teammates for the Copa America in the United States.
Argentina take on defending champions Chile in their first game of the tournament in California on June 6.